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Causes of Climate Change

There has been debate over the cause of rising global temperatures. Some argued it was a natural fluctuation, whilst others that it was caused by human activity. This debate is now over.

In February 2007, an international panel of experts (the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change) concluded:

  • Global warming is occurring.
  • Increase in global temperature is a result of human activities.
  • Given current trends, temperature extremes, heat waves, and heavy rains will continue to escalate in frequency. The earth’s temperature and seas will continue to rise into the next millennium.

These climate change effects are due to an increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The main gases are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and fluorocarbons, principally from the burning of fossil fuels, forest destruction and agriculture (rice field cultivation and the keeping of livestock). Water vapour in the atmosphere also plays a role.

The scientific community often talk about global warming potential. This relates to the warming effect of a greenhouse gas in relation to the measured effect for carbon dioxide.

This web site, and most other sources of information on global warming, looks only at carbon dioxide. It is the major greenhouse gas produced by humans, which is having the single greatest effect on climate change.

The graph below shows the link between increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and global temperature change.

Graph: Rise in global temperature

The increase in carbon dioxide is largely due to the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) over the last two centuries.

Please note: this site was produced in 2006, and is no longer updated. As a result, some of the figures may be out of date.

This animation needs 'Flash' in order to work

You can download this from the Adobe site at:

This animation illustrates the greenhouse effect and global warming. It is suitable for use on an interactive whitebord by following the link below.


What is carbon dioxide
An activity in which children explore some of the simple properties of carbon dioxide gas
Word Loop
A word game activity for a group or whole class, in which children match words with meanings
Greenhouse effect animation
This allows you to download the animation for use with a classroom data projector/interactive whiteboard.






What do I do with an animation?

Download the animation and then:

  • Open it with your usual web browser or...
  • Insert it into your usual interactive whiteboard application